Eight Intelligences

Eight ‘intelligences’ defined are:

1) Linguistic. Linguistic learners have good auditory skills, a good memory for names, dates and places and enjoy reading and writing. They like telling stories and learn well by saying and hearing words.

2) Logical-mathematical. Logical-mathematical learners enjoy exploring patterns and relationships, classifying data and using abstract thought. They enjoy working with numbers, solving problems through experimentation and participating in well-ordered tasks.

3) Musical. Musical learners are skilled at pitch and rhythm and are more attuned to the sounds around them including the human voice. They enjoy music, often listen to it as they study, and are more likely to learn through music-based activities.

4) Spatial. Spatial learners enjoy creative and design projects. They are able to clearly visualize mental images such as maps and charts and often learn best through using pictures and videos.

5) Bodily-kinesthetic. Bodily-Kinesthetic learners are good with their hands and have excellent coordination and balance. They learn best through physical activities in which they can use their bodily sensations to gather information.

6) Interpersonal. Interpersonal intelligence are characterized by their sensitivity to others’ moods, feelings, temperaments and motivations, and their ability to cooperate in order to work as part of a group.

7) Intrapersonal. Intrapersonal learners are very aware of self, understanding their own strengths, weaknesses, and feelings. They tend to be reflective, independent and creative learners who study best by engaging in independent study projects rather than group ones.

8) Naturalistic. Naturalistic learners are in touch with nature. They are good at sensing patterns and categorizing natural phenomena. Similar to kinesthetic learners, they gather information more effectively with practical hands-on experience in natural outdoor settings.